Many people have been having testicular pain and are not able to know what's wrong with them and how they can be treated. I have compiled an article on testicular pain, it causes, signs and symtoms and treatment to enlighten people more about this condition.
What is testicular pain?
One or both testicles may hurt if you have testicular pain. Your testicles may be hurting, but that doesn't always mean it's coming from there. In certain cases, you may be experiencing pain in your stomach or groin. Referred pain is the term used to describe this sort of discomfort.
Males of any age might suffer from testicular pain. The scrotum, a narrow pouch of skin containing the testicles (testes), is a small egg-shaped reproductive (sex) organ.
You may notice a dull discomfort that becomes worse with time or exercise as your first sign of damage. Having a lot of nerves in the testicles may make testicular pain very painful.
Causes of testicular pain?
Testicular pain may be caused by a variety of things, including a recent injury or an accident, but in other situations, the cause of the pain isn't immediately apparent.
Testicular discomfort may be caused by:
- When fluid accumulates in the epididymis around the testicle, it's known as a spermatocele. At times these cysts might develop to a significant size and cause discomfort, although they are not malignant.
- If part of your intestine pulls through a weak area of your abdominal muscles in the lower abdomen, you may have an inguinal hernia. However, it may be quite uncomfortable. If it hurts, you should visit a doctor right once since you could need surgery right away.
- Injuries to the testicles may occur when playing sports, exercising, or in an accident.
- One or both testicles may be inflamed (swelling and a burning sensation) as a result of an infection (bacterial or viral). Orchitis may be caused by the mumps virus in youngsters. The swelling normally begins four to six days following the onset of the mumps in the case of mumps.
- Inflammation of the epididymis is the cause of epididymitis. sperm travels via the epididymis, a bundle of thin tubes, from the testicles to the sperm duct. Epididymitis is characterized by discomfort and swelling. Swollen and heated to the touch, the scrotum may indicate a problem. This might go on for days or even weeks. Chronic epididymitis is characterized by a duration of more than or equal to six weeks.
- Dehydration increases your risk of developing kidney stones. Dehydration is a frequent cause of kidney stones. Pain in the back, groin, or scrotum may be caused by ureteral stones (tubes that drain urine from the kidney into the bladder). Increasing the number of liquids may help pass small stones. Surgery may be necessary for larger stones.
- Hydrocele: When fluid accumulates around the testicles, a hydrocele is a result. It is usual for hydroceles to produce discomfort or get infected, although this is rare.
- A hematocele arises when the testicle is surrounded by blood. In most cases, an injury is to blame.
- A collection of unusually big veins surrounding the testicles is referred to as a varicocele These big veins may create a dull ache in the afflicted testicle while engaged in everyday activities. When laying down, the discomfort in the testicles normally subsides. A condition known as varicose veins, which may cause infertility, can be surgically corrected.
- Torsion of the testicular blood supply is referred to as "testicular torsion." As a consequence of the interruption of the testicles' blood flow, severe and acute pain develops. Torsion may happen at any moment, for any number of reasons. Urgent surgery is needed to preserve the testicle in this case.
- Testicular carcinoma is the most frequent kind of cancer in males between the ages of 15 and 35. In certain cases, a dull soreness in the lower abdomen or scrotum, testicular edema or heaviness, or any of these symptoms may be present. In order to detect indications of testicular cancer, imaging modalities might be performed.
- Testicular pain after a vasectomy is called post-vasectomy pain syndrome. Post-vasectomy discomfort syndrome may be caused by increased pressure in the vas deferens (tubes delivering sperm) or epididymis.
Signs and symptoms Testicular pain
Testicular pain may vary in intensity depending on the underlying reason. Sharp, immediate pain is followed by a nagging soreness. Epididymitis discomfort might become worse with time. Sudden back pain that radiates to the testicles and the tip of the penis might be caused by kidney stones.
- The scrotum may be bruised if the testicles were hurt.
- Nausea and Vomiting: There are numerous disorders that cause nausea and vomiting, and these symptoms may be a sign of a wide range of illnesses. These include a testicular injury, orchitis, or kidney stones, among others.
- Swelling: The scrotum may be swollen. A crimson or glossy scrotum is possible. Injuries, orchitis, epididymitis, or a tumor in the testicles may all cause these symptoms.
- Orchitis or epididymitis may be diagnosed with a fever and testicular pain.
- Some kidney stones may induce frequent urination, which might be a sign of a urinary tract infection. Other symptoms include a burning feeling while urinating and blood in the pee.
What are the complications of testicular pain??
Most occurrences of testicular pain may be properly treated by your doctor. Testicles and the scrotum may be permanently damaged if infections like chlamydia or a catastrophic illness like testicular torsion go untreated.
It is possible that fertility and reproduction might be negatively impacted. Testicular gangrene may be life-threatening if it spreads throughout your body after torsion of the testicles.
When you should see a doctor?
See a doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms:
- The area around your scrotum is flushed, warm, or soft to the touch.
- Your sperm has developed a lump.
- someone who has the mumps recently came into touch with you.
- fever sets in.
- happens in conjunction with vomiting and/or nausea
What can you do to avoid testicular pain?
There are certain efforts you may take to lessen the underlying reasons for pain in the testicle, however, not all instances can be avoided. This is what you can do:
- safe sex, including the use of a condom, during intercourse
- observing any changes or lumps in your testicles on a monthly basis
- preventing testicular damage by wearing a sports supporter
- Avoiding urinary tract infections by thoroughly emptying your bladder when you pee
After following these instructions, if you still feel pain in your testicles, you should contact a doctor.
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